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"The leg" or "cup"?


The choice of material in frame.Selecting timber for log cabins houses and baths, it is necessary to comply with a condition that stems were straight run away with not more than 1 cm per meter of length.The diameter of the logs, if possible, should be equal to the difference in the upper section is not more than 3 cm.Typically, log houses and baths are selected logs with a diameter of 18-26 cm with an average humidity of 80 - 90%.

Cabin walls "in a cup»

The most common method for cutting a corner house is cutting in the "bowl" or "oblo".The advantage of this method over others is that the corners are well protected from the rain protruding parts of the logs, and, in addition, log-houses and saunas at such vrubke considered the most stable.

Chopping can be done as a bowl up and down the bowl.It is believed that in cutting down the bowl wall log less prone to weathering and, consequently, are more durable.But at the same angle at the expense of the remnants of lost 0.5 - 0.6 m of each log, resulting in waste of wood.In addition, the log cabin at "the bowl" is difficult to subsequently perform an outer cladding log, if required by the architecture of the.In this regard, the preferred cutting "in the paw" but it requires more skill.

log cabins cabin walls of houses and baths start from the accountant crown.Having laid on the insulating gasket two logs parallel to each other, strictly maintaining elevation.After setting the first two logs of the accountant's crown, they are placed at right angles two perpendicular beams and begin counting.

To bowl turned equilateral, the counting is carried out on both sides of the upper beam.Bowls are cut with an ax by checking the density fit test installation logs.Depth of cutting must be such that the top logs were raised about the lower half of their diameter.Top of stacked logs equalize, giving them a round or slightly oval in shape.

To log the upper and lower rims fit snugly together, they make a longitudinal sample of the oval and its groove, whose width depends on the design outdoor temperature.In this connection the upper timber is placed in an oval groove bottom with a layer of insulation.Do not forget to increase the depth of the sample cups in an amount equal to the size of the longitudinal slot selection.With proper processing of the groove upper beam shall contact with the bottom of the plane, and if not, you should make an adjustment after the markup and additional processing timber tightly into place.The width of the groove, depending on climatic conditions ranging from 15 to 20 cm.

logs are placed in the frame alternately butt in different directions, keeping the total horizontal rows.When cutting the walls need to take into account the orientation of the annual rings of wood, with its large southern rings inside a log house and dense northern - out.This reduces heat loss when operating at home.Moss, hemp or other seals are placed along the length of a log cabin on the plane and a layer of at least 5 cm.

Cabin Wall "in the paw»

Cabin Wall "in the paw" has its own characteristics.It differs in that the logs do not protrude above the corners of a log house, and therefore worse protected from the wind.Technologically it is more complicated and time-consuming compared with the first option and requires a skilled approach.

Begin cutting with the fact that the ends of the logs carefully mark the beginning of the log, which peak in the upper section has the smallest diameter.This is a log in the future should become a model and his "paw".

It should be noted that the deviation and marking "legs" can lead to a breach of vertical angles and the log of tightness.Therefore, marking, and even more to the processing of "legs" should be handled with maximum care.One edge, designed for the inside of the walls, sculptured the entire length of the log.Kant, opposite the inner, hewing to a length equal to one and a half - twice the diameter of logs.The two remaining edge bevel on the long, slightly larger-diameter logs.In simple "foot" make the sidebar so that the length of one of its sides equal to 6 / 8 thickness outlined by the square and the other - 4 / 8.For this first part of the square is divided into 8 equal parts.Sealing grooves on logs do exactly the same as in the control room "in the cup".

«Feet" is prepared for all future log timbers, carefully adjusts them, make the control assembly blockhouse near the base and leave to dry for several months.Once the logs are dry, they are placed on the foundation, do the final assembly with a gasket between the heater and attach the plug-spiked.Konopatku joints is carried out at the final assembly and a year after her.Complex foot differs from the simple presence of spikes, excluding shift logs to claw.

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